JUDGES (PROTECTION) ACT 1985
THE JUDGES (PROTECTION) ACT, 1985
ACT No. 59 OF 1985
An Act for securing additional protection for Judges and othersacting Judicially and for matters connected therewith.
BE it enacted by Parliament inthe Thirty-sixth Year of the Republicof India as follows: –
1.Short title and extent: (1) This Act may be called theJudges (Protection) Act, 1985.
(2) It extends to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir.
2.Definition: – In this Act, "Judge"means not only every person who is officially designated as a Judge, but alsoevery person-
who is empowered by law to givein any legal proceeding a definitive judgement, or ajudgment which, if not appealed against, would be definitive, or a judgmentwhich, if confirmed by some other authority, would be definitive; or
(b) whois one of a body of persons which body of persons is empowered by law to givesuch a judgment as is referred to in clause (a).
3.Additional protection to judges: (1) Notwithstanding anythingcontained in any other law for the time being in force and subject to theprovisions of sub-section (2), no court shall entertain or continue any civilor criminal proceeding against any person who is or was a Judge for any act,thing or word committed, done or spoken by him when, or in the course of,acting or purporting to act in discharge of his official or judicial duty orfunction.
(2) Nothing in sub-section (1)shall debar or affect in any manner the power of the Central Government or theState Government or the Supreme Court of India or any High Court or any otherauthority under any law for the time being in force to take such action(whether by way of civil, criminal or departmental proceedings or otherwise)against any person who is a Judge.
4.Saving: The provisions of this Act shall be in addition to,and not in derogation of, the provisions of any other law for the time being inforce providing for protection of Judges.