THE INSECTICIDES ACT, 1968
ACT No. 46 OF 1968
2nd September, 1968
An Act to regulate the import, manufacture,sale, transport, distribution and use of insecticides with a view to preventrisk to human beings or animals, and for matters connected therewith
BE it enacted by Parliament in theNineteenth Year of the Republicof India as follows:-
1.Short title, extent and commencement: (1)This Act may be called the Insecticides Act, 1968.
(2) It extends to the whole of India.
(3) It shall come into force on such dateas the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appointand different dates may be appointed for different States and for differentprovisions of this Act.
2.Application of other laws not barred: Theprovisions of this Act shall be in addition to, and not in derogation of, anyother law for the time being in force.
3.Definitions: In this Act, unless thecontext otherwise requires,-
(a) "animals" means animalsuseful to human beings and includes fish and fowl, and such kinds of wild lifeas the Central Government, may, by notification in the Official Gazette,specify, being kinds which, in its opinion, it is desirable to protect orpreserve;
(b) "Board" means the CentralInsecticides Board constituted under section 4;
(c) "Central InsecticidesLaboratory" means the Central Insecticides Laboratory established, or asthe case may be, the Institution specified, under section 16;
(d) "import" means bringing intoany place within the territories to which this Act extends from a place outsidethose territories;
(e) insecticide" means-
(i) any substance specified in theSchedule; or
(ii) such other substances (includingfungicides and weedicides) as the Central Government may, after consultationwith the Board, by notification in the Official Gazette, include in theSchedule from time to time; or
(iii) any preparation containing any one ormore of such substances;
(f) "Insecticide Analyst" meansan Insecticide Analyst appointed under section 19;
(g) "Insecticide Inspector" meansan Insecticide Inspector appointed under section 20;
(h) "label" means any written,printed or graphic matter on the immediate package and on every other coveringin which the package is placed or packed and includes any written, printed or graphicmatter accompanying the insecticide;
(i) "licensing officer" means alicensing officer appointed under section 12;
(j) "manufacture", in relation toany insecticide, includes-
(i) any process or part of a process formaking, altering, finishing, packing, labelling, breaking up or otherwisetreating or adopting any insecticide with a view to its sale, distribution oruse but does not include the packing or breaking up of any insecticide in theordinary course of retail business; and
(ii) any process by which a preparationcontaining an insecticide is formulated;
(k) "misbranded"-an insecticideshall be deemed to be misbranded-
(i) if its label contains any statement,design or graphic representation relating thereto which if false or misleading inany material particular, or if its package is otherwise deceptive in respect ofits contents; or
(ii) if it is in imitation of, or is soldunder the name of, another insecticide; or
(iii) if its label does not contain awarning or caution which may be necessary and sufficient, if complied with, toprevent risk to human beings or animals; or
(iv) if any word, statement or otherinformation required by or under this Act to appear on the label is notdisplayed thereon in such conspicuous manner as the other words, statements,designs or graphic matter have been displayed on the label and in such terms asto render it likely to be read and understood by any ordinary individual undercustomary conditions of purchase and use; or
(v) if it is not packed or labelled asrequired by or under this Act; or
(vi) if it is not registered in the mannerrequired by or under this Act; or
(vii) if the label contains any referenceto registration other than the registration number; or
(viii) if the insecticide has a toxicitywhich is higher than the level prescribed or is mixed or packed with anysubstance so as to alter its nature or quality or contains any substance whichis not included in the registration;
(l) "package" means a box,bottle, casket, tin, barrel, case, receptacle, sack, bag, wrapper, or otherthing in which an insecticide is placed or packed;
(m) "premises" means any land,shop, stall or place where any insecticide is sold or manufactured or stored orused, and includes any vehicle carrying insecticides;
(n) "prescribed" means prescribedby rules made under this Act;
(o) "registered", with itsgrammatical variations and cognate expressions, means registered under thisAct;
(p) "sale", with its grammaticalvariations and cognate expressions, means the sale of any insecticide, whetherfor cash or on credit and whether by wholesale or retail, and includes anagreement for sale, an offer for sale, the exposing for sale or having inpossession for sale of any insecticide and includes also an attempt to sell anysuch insecticide;
(q) "State Government", inrelation to a Union territory, means the administrator thereof;
(r) "worker" means a personemployed under a contract of service or apprenticeship.
4.The Central Insecticides Board: (1) TheCentral Government shall, as soon as may be, constitute a Board to be calledthe Central Insecticides Board to advise the Central Government and StateGovernments on technical matters arising out of the administration of this Actand to carry out the other functions assigned to the Board by or under thisAct.
(2) The matters on which the Board mayadvise under sub-section (1) shall include matters relating to-
(a) the risk of human beings or animalsinvolved in the use of insecticides and the safety measures necessary toprevent such risk;
(b) the manufacture, sale, storage,transport and distribution of insecticides with a view to ensure safety tohuman beings or animals.
(3) The Board shall consist of thefollowing members, namely:-
(i) the Director General of HealthServices, ex officio, who shall be the Chairman;
(ii) the Drugs Controller, India, exofficio;
(iii) the Plant Protection Adviser to theGovernment of India, ex officio;
(iv) the Director of Storage andInspection, Ministry of Food, Agriculture, Community Development andCo-operation (Department of Food), ex officio;
(v) the Chief Adviser of Factories, exofficio;
(vi) the Director, National Institute ofCommunicable Diseases, ex officio;
(vii) the Director-General, Indian Councilof Agricultural Research, ex officio;
(viii) the Director-General, Indian Councilof Medical Research, ex officio;
(ix) the Director, Zoological Survey ofIndia, ex officio;
(x) the Director General, Indian StandardsInstitution ex officio;
(xi) the Director General of Shipping or,in his absence, the Deputy Director General of Shipping, Ministry of Transportand Shipping, ex officio;
(xii) the Joint Director, Traffic(General), Ministry of Railways (Railway Board), ex officio;
(xiii) the Secretary, Central Committee forFood Standards, ex officio;
1 [(xiiia) the Animal HusbandryCommissioner, Department of Agriculture, ex officio;
(xiiib) the Joint Commissioner (Fisheries),Department of Agriculture, ex officio;
(xiiic) the Deputy Inspector General ofForests (Wild Life), Department of Agriculture, ex officio;
(xiiid) the Industrial Adviser (Chemicals)Directorate General of Technical Development, ex officio;]
(xiv) one person to represent the Ministryof Petroleum and Chemicals, to be nominated by the Central Government;
(xv) one pharmacologist to be nominated bythe Central Government;
(xvi) one medical toxicologist to benominated by the Central Government;
(xvii) one person who shall be in charge ofthe department dealing with public health in a State, to be nominated by theCentral Government;
(xviii) two persons who shall be Directorsof Agriculture in States, to be nominated by the Central Government;
(xix) four persons, one of whom shall be anexpert in industrial health and occupational hazards, to be nominated by theCentral Government;
(xx) one person to represent the Council ofScientific and Industrial Research, to be nominated b the Central Government.
2 [(xxi) one ecologist to be nominated bythe Central Government.]
(4) The persons nominated under clauses(xiv) to 3 [(xxi)] inclusive, of sub-section (3) shall, unless their seatsbecome vacant earlier by resignation, death or otherwise, hold office for threeyears from the date of their nomination, but shall be eligible for re- nomination:
Provided that the persons nominated underclauses (xvii) and (xviii) shall hold officer only for so long as they hold theappointments by virtue of which their nominations were made.
4 [(5) No act or proceeding of the Board,the Registration Committee or any Committee appointed under section 6, shall becalled in question on the ground merely of the existence of any vacancy in, orany defect in the constitution of, the Board, the Registration Committee orsuch Committee, as the case may be.]
1. Clauses (xiiia), (xiiib), (xiiic) and(xiiid) inserted by the Insecticides (Amendment) Act, 1977 (24 of 1977) Section2 (a) (i).
2. Clause (xx) inserted by the Insecticides(Amendment) Act, 1977 (24 of 1977) Section 2 (a) (ii).
3. Substituted for the brackets and figures"(xx)" by the Insecticides (Amendment) Act, 1977 (24 of 1977) Section2 (b).
4. Substituted for the original Sub-section(5) by the Insecticides (Amendment) Act, 1977 (24 of 1977) Section 2 (c).
5.Registration Committee: (1) The CentralGovernment shall constitute a Registration Committee consisting of a Chairman,and not more than five persons who shall be members of the Board (including theDrugs Controller, India and the Plant Protection Adviser to the Government of India)-
(i) to register insecticides afterscrutinising their formulae and verifying claims made by the importer or themanufacturer, as the case may be, as regards their efficacy and safety to humanbeings and animals; and
(ii) to perform such other functions as areassigned to it by or under this Act.
(2) Where the Chairman is not a member ofthe Board, his term of office and other conditions of service shall be such asmay be determined by the Central Government.
(3) Subject to the provisions of sub-section(2), a member of the Registration Committee shall hold office for so long as heis a member of the Board.
(4) The Committee may also co-opt suchnumber of experts and for such purpose or period as it may deem fit, out anyexpert so co-opted shall have no right to vote.
(5) The Registration Committee shallregulate its own procedure and the conduct of business to be transacted by it.
6.Other committees: The Board may appointsuch committees as it deems fit and may appoint to them persons who are notmembers of the Board, to exercise such powers and perform such duties as may,subject to such conditions, if any, as the Board may impose, be delegated tothem by the Board.
7.procedure for Board: The Board may,subject to the previous approval of the Central Government, make bye-laws forthe purpose of regulating its own procedure and the procedure of any committeethereof and the conduct of all business to be transacted by it or suchcommittee.
8.Secretary and other officers: The CentralGovernment shall-
(i) appoint a person to be the Secretary ofthe Board who shall also function as Secretary to the Registration Committee;and
(ii) provide the Board and the RegistrationCommittee with such technical and other staff as the Central Government considersnecessary.
9.Registration of insecticides: (1) Anyperson desiring to import or manufacture any insecticide may apply to theRegistration Committee for the registration of such insecticide and there shallbe a separate application for each such insecticide:
Provided that any person engaged in thebusiness of import or manufacture of any insecticide immediately before thecommencement of this section shall make an application to the RegistrationCommittee within a period of 1 [seventeen months] from the date of suchcommencement for the registration of any insecticide which he has beenimporting or manufacturing before that date.
2 [Provided further that where any personreferred to in the preceding proviso fails to make an application under thatproviso within the period specified therein, he may make such application atany time thereafter on payment of a penalty of one hundred rupees for everymonth or part thereof after the expiry of such period for the registration ofeach such insecticide.]
(2) Every application under sub-section (1)shall be made in such form and contain such particulars as may be prescribed.
(3) On receipt of any such application forthe registration of an insecticide, the Committee may, after such enquiry as itdeems fit and after satisfying itself that the insecticide to which theapplication relates conforms to the claims made by the importer or by themanufacturer, as the case may be, as regards the efficacy of the insecticideand its safety to human beings and animals, register, on 3 [on such conditionsas may be specified by it] and on payment of such fee as may be prescribed, theinsecticide, allot a registration number thereto and issue a certificate ofregistration in token thereof within a period of twelve months from the date ofreceipt of the application:
Provided that the Committee may, if it isunable within the said period to arrive at a decision on the basis of thematerials placed before it, extend the period by a further period not exceedingsix months:
Provided further that if the Committee isof opinion that the precautions claimed by the applicant as being sufficient toensure safety to human beings or animals are not such as can be easily observedor that notwithstanding the observance of such precautions the use of theinsecticide involves serious risk to human beings or animals, it may refuse toregister the insecticide.
4 [(3A) In the case of applicationsreceived by it prior to the 31st day of March, 1975, notwithstanding the expiryof the period specified in sub-section (3) for the disposal of suchapplications, it shall be lawful and shall be deemed always to have been lawfulfor the Registration Committee to dispose of such applications at any timeafter such expiry but within a period of one year from the commencement of theInsecticides (Amendment) Act, 1977:
Provided that nothing contained in thissub-section shall be deemed to make any contravention before the commencementof the Insecticides (Amendment) Act, 1977, of a condition of a certificate ofregistration granted before such commencement, an offence punishable under thisAct.
(3B) Where the Registration Committee is ofopinion that the insecticide is being introduced for the first time in India,it may, pending any enquiry, register it provisionally for a period of twoyears on such conditions as may be specified by it.
(3C) The Registration Committee may, havingregard to the efficacy of the insecticide and its safety to human beings and animals, vary the conditions subject towhich a certificate of registration hasbeen granted and may for that purpose require the certificate-holder by noticein writing to deliver up the certificate to it within such time as may bespecified in the notice.]
(4) Notwithstanding anything contained inthis section, where any insecticide has been registered on the application ofany person, any other person desiring to import or manufacture the insecticideor engaged in the business of, import or manufacture thereof shall onapplication and on payment of prescribed fee be allotted a registration numberand granted a certificate of registration in respect thereof on the sameconditions on which the insecticide was originally registered.
1. Substituted for the words "sixmonths" by the Insecticides (Amendment) Act, 1972 (46 of 1972) Section 2(a).
2. Proviso inserted by the Insecticides(Amendment) Act, 1972 (46 of 1972) Section 2 (b).
3. Substituted for the words "suchconditions" by the Insecticides (Amendment) Act, 1977 (24 of 1977) Section3 (i).
4. Sub-sections (3A), (3B) and (3C)inserted by the Insecticides (Amendment) Act, 1977 (24 of 1977) Section 3 (ii).
10.Appeal against non-registration ofcancellation: Any person aggrieved by a decision of the Registration Committeeunder section 9 may, within a period of thirty days from the date on which thedecision is communicated to him, appeal in the prescribed manner and on paymentof the prescribed fee to the Central Government whose decision thereon shall befinal:
Provided that the Central Government mayentertain an appeal after the expiry of the said period, if it is satisfiedthat the appellant was prevented by sufficient cause from filing the appeal intime
11.Power of revision of Central Government:The Central Government may, at any time, call for the record relating to anycase in which the Registration Committee has given a decision under section 9for the purpose of satisfying itself as to the legality to propriety of anysuch decision and may pass any such order in relation thereto as it thinks fit:
Provided that no such order shall be passedafter the expiry of one year from the date of the decision:
Provided further that the CentralGovernment shall not pass any order prejudicial to any person unless thatperson has had a reasonable opportunity of showing cause against the proposedorder.
12.Licensing officers: The State Governmentmay, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint such persons as it thinksfit to be licensing officers for the purposes of this Act and define the areasin respect of which they shall exercise jurisdiction.
13.Grant of licence: (1) Any persondesiring to manufacture or to sell, stock or exhibit for sale or distribute anyinsecticide, 1[or to undertake commercial pest control operations with the useof any insecticide] may make an application to the licensing officer for thegrant of a licence:
Provided that any person engaged in thebusiness of manufacturing or selling, stocking or exhibiting for sale ordistributing any insecticide immediately before the commencement of thissection shall make an application to the licensing officer for the grant of alicence within a period of 2 [seventeen months] from the date of suchcommencement.
3 [Provided further that any person engagedin the commercial pest control operations immediately before the commencementof the Insecticides (Amendment) Act, 1977, shall make an application to thelicensing officer for the grant of a licence within a period of six months fromthe commencement of the said Act.]
(2) Every application under sub-section (1)shall be made in such form and shall contain such particulars as may beprescribed.
(3) On receipt of any such application forthe grant of a licence, the licensing officer may grant a licence in such form,on such conditions and on payment of such fee as may be prescribed.
(4) A licence granted under this sectionshall be valid for the period specified therein and may be renewed from time totime for such period and on payment of such fee as may be prescribed:
Provided that where a licence has beengranted to any person who has made an application under 4 [the first provisoor, as the case may be, the second proviso] to sub-section (1), that licenceshall be deemed to be cancelled in relation to any insecticide, the applicationfor registration whereof has been refused or the registration whereof has beencancelled, under this Act, with effect from the date on which such refusal orcancellation is notified in the Official Gazette.
5 [(5) In prescribing fees for the grant orrenewal of licences under this section, different fees may be prescribed forthe sale or distribution of insecticides for purposes of domestic use and forother purposes.]
1. Inserted by the Insecticides (Amendment)Act, 1977 (24 of 1977) Section 4 (a) (i).
2. Substituted for the words "threemonths" by the Insecticides (Amendment) Act, 1972 (46 of 1972) Section 3.
3. Proviso inserted by the Insecticides(Amendment) Act, 1977 (24 of 1977) Section 4 (a) (ii).
4. Substituted for the words "theproviso" by the Insecticides (Amendment) Act, 1977 (24 of 1977) Section 4(b).
5. Sub-section (5) inserted by theInsecticides (Amendment) Act, 1977 (24 of 1977) Section 4 (c).
14.Revocation, suspension and amendment oflicences: (1) If the licensing officer is satisfied, either on a reference madeto him in this behalf or otherwise, that-
(a) the licence granted under section 13has been granted because of misrepresentation as to an essential fact; or
(b) the holder of a licence has failed tocomply with the conditions subject to which the licence was granted or hascontravened any of the provisions of this Act or the rules made thereunder,
then, without prejudice to any otherpenalty to which the holder of the licence may be liable under this Act, thelicensing officer may, after giving the holder of the licence an opportunity ofshowing cause, revoke or suspend the licence.
(2) Subject to any rules that may be madein this behalf, the licensing officer may also vary or amend a licence grantedunder section 13.
15.Appeal against the decision of alicensing officer: (1) Any person aggrieved by a decision of a licensingofficer under section 13 [except under the proviso to sub-section (4)] orsection 14 may, within a period of thirty days from the date on which thedecision is communicated to him, appeal to such authority in such manner and onpayment of such fee as may be prescribed:
Provided that the appellate authority mayentertain an appeal after the expiry of the said period if it is satisfied thatthe appellant was prevented by sufficient cause from filing the appeal in time.
(2) On receipt of an appeal undersub-section (1), the appellate authority shall, after giving the appellant anopportunity of showing cause, dispose of the appeal ordinarily within a periodof six months and the decision of the appellate authority shall be final.
16.Central Insecticides Laboratory: TheCentral Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, establish aCentral Insecticides Laboratory under the control of a Director to be appointedby the Central Government to carry out the functions entrusted to it by orunder this Act:
Provided that if the Central Government sodirects by a notification in the Official Gazette, the functions of the CentralInsecticides Laboratory shall, to such extent as may be specified in thenotification, be carried out at any such institution as may be specifiedtherein and thereupon the functions of the Director of the Central InsecticidesLaboratory shall to the extent so specified be exercised by the head of thatinstitution.
17.Prohibition of import and manufacture ofcertain insecticides: (1) No person shall, himself or by any person on hisbehalf, import or manufacture-
(a) any misbranded insecticide;
(b) any insecticide the sale, distributionor use of which is for the time being prohibited under section 27;
(c) any insecticide except in accordancewith the conditions on which it was registered;
(d) any insecticide in contravention of anyother provision of this Act or of any rule made thereunder:
Provided that any person who has appliedfor registration of an insecticide 1 [under any of the provisos] to sub-section(1) of section 9 may continue to import or manufacture any such insecticide andsuch insecticide shall not be deemed to be a misbranded insecticide within themeaning of sub-clause (vi) or sub-clause (vii) or sub-clause (viii) of clause(k) of section 3, until he has been informed by the Registration Committee ofits decision to refuse to register the said insecticide.
(2) No person shall, himself or by anyperson on his behalf, manufacture any insecticide except under, and inaccordance with the conditions of, a licence issued for such purpose under thisAct.
1. Substituted for the words "underthe proviso" by the Insecticides (Amendment) Act, 1972 (46 of 1972)Section 4.
18.Prohibition of sale, etc., of certaininsecticides: (1) No person shall, himself or by any person on his behalf,sell, stock or exhibit for sale, distribute, 1 [transport, use, or cause to beused] by any worker-
(a) any insecticide which is not registeredunder this Act;
(b) any insecticide, the sale, distributionor use of which is for the time being prohibited under section 27;
(c) any insecticide in contravention of anyother provision of this Act or of any rule made thereunder.
(2) No person shall, himself or by anyperson on his behalf, sell, stock or exhibit for sale or distribute 2 [or usefor commercial pest control operations] any insecticide except under, and inaccordance with the conditions of, a licence issued for such purpose under thisAct.
Explanation: For the purposes of thissection an insecticide in respect of which any person has applied for acertificate of registration 2 [under any of the provisos] to sub-section (1) ofsection 9, shall be deemed to be registered till the date on which the refusalto register such insecticide is notified in the Official Gazette.
1. Substituted for the words"transport or cause to be used" by the Insecticides (Amendment) Act,1977 (24 of 1977) Section 5 (a).
3. Inserted by the Insecticides (Amendment)Act, 1977 (24 of 1977) Section 5 (b).
2. Substituted for the words "underthe proviso" by the Insecticides (Amendment) Act, 1972 (46 of 1972)Section 5.
19.Insecticide Analysts: The CentralGovernment or a State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette,appoint persons in such number as it thinks fit and possessing such technicaland other qualifications as may be prescribed to be Insecticide Analysts forsuch areas and in respect of such insecticides or class of insecticides as maybe specified in the notification:
Provided that no person who has anyfinancial interest in the manufacture, import or sale of any insecticide, shallbe so appointed.
20.Insecticide Inspectors: (1) The CentralGovernment or a State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette,appoint persons in such number as it thinks fit and possessing such technical andother qualifications as may be prescribed to be Insecticide Inspectors for suchareas as may be specified in the notification:
Provided that any person who does notpossess the required qualifications may be so appointed only for the purposesof clause (a) and clause (d) of sub-section (1) of section 21:
Provided further that no person who has anyfinancial interest in the manufacture, import or sale of any insecticide shallbe so appointed.
(2) Every Insecticide Inspector shall bedeemed to be a public servant within the meaning of section 21(45 of 1860) ofthe Indian Penal Code and shall be officially subordinate to such authority asthe Government appointing him may specify in this behalf.
21.Powers of Insecticide Inspectors: (1) AnInsecticide Inspector shall have power-
(a) to enter and search, at all reasonabletimes and with such assistance, if any, as he considers necessary, any premisesin which he has reason to believe that an offence under this Act or the rulesmade thereunder has been or is being or is about to be committed, or for thepurpose of satisfying himself that the provisions of this Act or the rules madethereunder or the conditions of any certificate of registration or licenceissued thereunder are being complied with;
(b) to require the production of, and toinspect, examine and make copies of, or take extracts from, registers, recordsor other documents kept by a manufacturer, distributor, carrier, dealer or anyother person in pursuance of the provisions of this Act or the rules madethereunder and seize the same, if he has reason to believe that all or any ofthem, may furnish evidence of the commission of an offence punishable underthis Act or the rules made thereunder;
(c) to make such examination and inquiry ashe thinks fit in order to ascertain whether the provisions of this Act or therules made thereunder are being complied with and for that purpose stop anyvehicle;
(d) to stop the distribution, sale or useof an insecticide which he has reason to believe is being distributed, sold orused in contravention of the provisions of this Act or the rules madethereunder, for a specified period not exceeding 1[thirty] days, or unless thealleged contravention is such that the defect may be removed by the possessorof the insecticide, seize the stock of such insecticide;
(e) to take samples of any insecticide andsend such samples for analysis to the Insecticide Analyst for test in theprescribed manner; and
(f) to exercise such other powers as may benecessary for carrying out the purposes of this Act or the rules madethereunder.
2 [(2) The provisions of the Code ofCriminal Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974.) shall, as far as may be, apply to anysearch or seizure under this Act as they apply to any search or seizure madeunder the authority of a warrant issued under section 94 of the said Code.]
(3) An Insecticide Inspector may exercisethe powers of a police officer under 3 [section 42 of the Code of CriminalProcedure, 1973 (2 of 1974)], for the purpose of ascertaining the true name andresidence of the person from whom a sample is taken or an insecticide isseized.
1. Substituted for the word"twenty" by the Insecticides (Amendment) Act, 2000 (23 of 2000)Section 2.
2. Substituted for the original sub-section(2) by the Insecticides (Amendment) Act, 1977 (24 of 1977) Section 6 (a).
3. Substituted for the words, figures andbrackets "section 57 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898 (5 of1898)" by the Insecticides (Amendment) Act, 1977 (24 of 1977) Section 6(b).
22.Procedure to be followed by InsecticideInspectors: (1) Where an Insecticide Inspector seizes any record, register ordocument under clause (b) of sub-section (1) of section 21, he shall, as soonas may be, inform a Magistrate and take his orders as to the custody thereof.
(2) Where an Insecticide Inspector takesany action under clause (d) of sub-section (1) of section 21-
(a) he shall use all despatch inascertaining whether or not the insecticide or its sale, distribution or usecontravenes any of the provisions of section 18 and if it is ascertained thatthe insecticide or its sale, distribution or use does not so contravene,forthwith revoke the order passed under the said clause or, as the case may be,take such action as may be necessary for the return of the stock seized;
(b) if he seizes the stock of theinsecticide he shall, as soon as may be, inform a Magistrate and take hisorders as to the custody thereof;
(c) without prejudice to the institution ofany prosecution, if the alleged contravention be such that the defect may beremedied by the possessor of the insecticide, he shall, on being satisfied thatthe defect has been so remedied, forthwith revoke his order and in case wherethe Insecticide Inspector has seized the stock of insecticide, he shall, assoon as may be, inform a Magistrate and obtain his orders as to the releasethereof.
1 [(3) Where an Insecticide Inspector takesany sample of an insecticide, he shall issue a receipt therefor stating thereinthat the fair price of such sample shall be tendered if the sample, after testor analysis is not found to be misbranded and the Insecticide Analyst hasreported to that effect and on such price having been tendered may require awritten acknowledgement, therefor:
Provided that no order shall be passedwithout giving the carrier an opportunity of being heard in the matter.]
(4) 2 [*] where the InsecticideInspector seizes the stock of any insecticide under clause (d) of sub-section(1) of section 21, he shall tender a receipt therefor in the prescribed form.
(5) Where an Insecticide Inspector takes asample of an insecticide for the purpose of test or analysis, he shall intimatesuch purpose in writing in the prescribed from to the person from whom he takesit and, in the presence of such person unless he wilfully absents himself,shall divide the sample into three portions and effectively seal and suitablymark the same and permit such person to add his own seal and mark to all or anyof the portions so sealed and marked:
Provided that where the insecticide is madeup in containers of small volume, instead of dividing a sample as aforesaid,the Insecticide Inspector may, and if the insecticide be such that it is likelyto deteriorate or be otherwise damaged by exposure shall, take three of thesaid containers after suitably marking the same and, where necessary, sealingthem.
(6) The Insecticide Inspector shall restoreone portion of a sample so divided or one container, as the case may be, to theperson from whom he takes it and shall retain the remainder and dispose of thesame as follows:-
(i) one portion or container, he shallforthwith send to the Insecticide Analyst for test or analysis; and
(ii) the second, he shall produce to thecourt before which proceedings, if any, are instituted in respect of theinsecticide.
1. Substituted for the original Sub-section(3) by the Insecticides (Amendment) Act, 2000 (23 of 2000) Section 3 (a).
2. The words "Where the price tenderedunder sub-section (3) is refused, or" by the Insecticides (Amendment) Act,2000 (23 of 2000) Section 3 (b).
23.Persons bound to disclose place whereinsecticides are manufactured or kept: Every person for the time being incharge of any premises where any insecticide is being manufactured or is keptfor sale or distribution shall, on being required by an Insecticide Inspectorso to do, be legally bound to disclose to the Insecticide Inspector the placewhere the insecticide is being manufactured or is kept, as the case may be.
24.Report of Insecticide Analyst: (1) TheInsecticide Analyst to whom a sample of any insecticide has been submitted fortest or analysis under sub-section (6) of section 22, shall, within a period of1 [thirty] days, deliver to the Insecticide Inspector submitting it a signedreport in duplicate in the prescribed form.
(2) The Insecticide Inspector on receiptthereof shall deliver one copy of the report to the person from whom the samplewas taken and shall retain the other copy for use in any prosecution in respectof the sample.
(3) Any document purporting to be a reportsigned by an Insecticide Analyst shall be evidence of the facts stated thereinand such evidence shall be conclusive unless the person from whom the samplewas taken has within twenty-eight days of the receipt of a copy of the reportnotified in writing the Insecticide Inspector or the court before which anyproceedings in respect of the sample are pending that he intends to adduceevidence in contraversion of the report.
(4) Unless the sample has already beentested or analysed in the Central Insecticides Laboratory, where a person hasunder sub-section (3) notified his intention of adducing evidence incontraversion of the Insecticide Analyst’s report, the court may, of its ownmotion or in its discretion at the request either of the complainant or of theaccused, cause the sample of the insecticide produced before the magistrateunder sub-section (6) of section 22 to be sent for test or analysis to the saidlaboratory, 2[which shall, within a period of thirty days, make the test oranalysis] and report in writing signed by, or under the authority of, theDirector of the Central Insecticides Laboratory the result thereof, and suchreport shall be conclusive evidence of the facts stated therein.
(5) The cost of a test or analysis made bythe Central Insecticides Laboratory under sub-section (4) shall be paid by thecomplainant or the accused, as the court shall direct.
1. Substituted for the word"sixty" by the Insecticides (Amendment) Act, 2000 (23 of 2000)Section 4 (a).
2. Substituted for the words "whichshall make the test or analysis" by the Insecticides (Amendment) Act, 2000(23 of 2000) Section 4 (b).
25.Confiscation: (1) Where any person hasbeen convicted under this Act for contravening any of the provisions of thisAct or of the rules made thereunder, the stock of the insecticide in respect ofwhich the contravention has been made shall be liable to confiscation.
(2) Without prejudice to the provisionscontained in sub-section (1), where the Court is satisfied on the applicationof an Insecticide Inspector or otherwise and after such inquiry as may benecessary, that the insecticide is a misbranded insecticide, such insecticideshall be liable to confiscation.
26.Notification of poisoning: The StateGovernment may, by notification in the Official Gazette, require any person orclass of persons specified therein to report all occurrences of poisoning(through the use or handling of any insecticide) coming within his or theircognizance to such officer as may be specified in the said notification.
27.Prohibition of sale, etc., ofinsecticides for reasons of public safety: (1) If, on receipt of a report undersection 26 or otherwise, the Central Government or the State Government is ofopinion, for reasons to be recorded in writing, that the use of any insecticidespecified in 1 [*] clause (e) of section 3 or any specific batch thereof islikely to involve such risk to human beings or animals as to render itexpedient or necessary to take immediate action then that Government may, bynotification in the Official Gazette, prohibit the sale, distribution or use ofthe insecticide or batch, in such area, to such extent and for such period (notexceeding sixty days) as may be specified in the notification pendinginvestigation into the matter:
Provided that where the investigation isnot completed within the said period, the Central Government or the StateGovernment, as the case may be, may extend it by such further period or periodsnot exceeding thirty days in the aggregate as it may specify in a like manner.
(2) If, as a result of its owninvestigation or on receipt of the report from the State Government, and afterconsultation with the Registration Committee, the Central Government, issatisfied that the use of the said insecticide or batch is or is not likely tocause any such risk, it may pass such order (including an order refusing toregister the insecticide or cancelling the certificate of registration, if any,granted in respect thereof), as it deems fit, depending on the circumstances ofthe case.
1. The words, figures, and brackets"sub-clause (iii) of" by the Insecticides (Amendment) Act, 2000 (23of 2000) Section 5.
28.Notification of cancellation ofregistration, etc: A refusal to register any insecticide or a cancellation ofthe certificate of registration of any insecticide shall be notified in theOfficial Gazette and in such other manner as may be prescribed.
29.Offences and punishment: (1) Whoever, –
(a) imports, manufactures, sells, stocks orexhibits for sale or distributes any insecticide deemed to be misbranded undersub-clause (i) or sub-clause (iii) or sub-clause (viii) of clause (k) ofsection 3; or
(b) imports or manufactures any insecticidewithout a certificate of registration; or
(c) manufactures, sells, stocks or exhibitsfor sale or distributes an insecticide without a licence; or
(d) sells or distributes an insecticide, incontravention of section 27; or
(e) causes an insecticide, the use of whichhas been prohibited under section 27, to be used by any worker; or
(f) obstructs an Insecticide Inspector inthe exercise of his powers or discharge of his duties under this Act or therules made thereunder,
1 [shall be punishable –
(i) for the first offence, withimprisonment for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine which shallnot be less than ten thousand rupees but which may extend to fifty thousandrupees, or with both;
(ii) for the second and a subsequentoffence, with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years, or withfine which shall not be less than fifteen thousand rupees but which may extendto seventy-five thousand rupees, or with both.]
(2) Whoever uses an insecticide incontravention of any provision of this Act or any rule made thereunder shall bepunishable with fine 2 [which shall not be less than five hundred rupees butwhich may extend to five thousand rupees, or imprisonment for a term which mayextend to six months, or with both].
(3) Whoever contravenes any of the otherprovisions of this Act or any rule made thereunder or any condition of acertificate of registration or licence granted thereunder, shall be punishable-
(i) for the first offence, withimprisonment for a term which may extend to 3 [one year, or with fine whichshall not be less than five thousand rupees but which may extend to twentythousand rupees, or with both];
(ii) for the second and a subsequentoffence, with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 4 [two years, or withfine which shall not be less than ten thousand rupees but which may extend tofifty thousand rupees, or with both]:
(4) If any person convicted of an offenceunder this Act commits a like offence afterwards it shall be lawful for thecourt before which the second or subsequent conviction takes place to cause theoffender’s name and place of residence, the offence and the penalty imposed tobe published in such newspapers or in such other manner as the court maydirect.
1. Inserted by the Insecticides (Amendment)Act, 2000 (23 of 2000) Section 6 (a).
2. Substituted for the words "whichmay extend to five hundred rupees" by the Insecticides (Amendment) Act,2000 (23 of 2000) Section 6 (b).
3. Substituted for the words "sixmonths, or with fine, or with both" by the Insecticides (Amendment) Act,2000 (23 of 2000) Section 6 (c) (i).
4. Substituted for the words "oneyear; or with fine, or with both" by the Insecticides (Amendment) Act,2000 (23 of 2000) Section 6 (c) (ii).
30.Defences which may or may not be allowedin prosecutions under this Act: (1) Save as hereinafter provided in thissection, it shall be no defence in a prosecution under this Act to prove merelythat the accused was ignored of the nature or quality of the insecticide inrespect of which the offence was committed or of the risk involved in themanufacture, sale or use of such insecticide or of the circumstances of itsmanufacture or import.
(2) For the purposes of section 17, aninsecticide shall not be deemed to be misbranded only by reason of the factthat-
(a) there has been added thereto someinnocuous substance or ingredient because the same is required for themanufacture or the preparation of the insecticide as an article of commerce ina state fit for carriage or consumption, and not to increase the bulk, weightor measure of the insecticide or to conceal its inferior quality or otherdefect; or
(b) in the process of manufacture,preparation or conveyance some extraneous substance has unavoidably becomeintermixed with it.
(3) A person not being an importer or amanufacturer of an insecticide or his agent for the distribution thereof, shallnot be liable for a contravention of any provision of this Act, if he proves-
(a) that he acquired the insecticide froman importer or a duly licensed manufacturer, distributor or dealer thereof;
(b) that he did not know and could not,with reasonable diligence, have ascertained that the insecticide in any waycontravened any provision of this Act; and
(c) that the insecticide, while in hispossession, was properly stored and remained in the same state as when heacquired it.
31.Cognizance and trial of offences: (1) Noprosecution for an offence under this Act shall be instituted except by, orwith the written consent of, the State Government or a person authorised inthis behalf by the State Government.
(2) No court inferior to that of a 1[metropolitan magistrate or a judicial magistrate of the first class] shall tryany offence under this Act.
1. Substituted for the words"presidency magistrate or a magistrate of the first class" by theInsecticides (Amendment) Act, 1977 (24 of 1977) Section 7.
1 [31A.Special Courts: (1) If the StateGovernment is satisfied that it is necessary for the purpose of providing forspeedy trial of offences under this Act in any district or metropolitan area,it may, by notification in the Official Gazette and after consultation with theHigh Court, notify one or more Courts of Judicial Magistrates of the firstclass, or, as the case may be, Metropolitan Magistrates, in such district ormetropolitan area to be Special Courts for the purposes of this Act.
(2) Unless otherwise directed by the HighCourt, a court notified under subsection (1) shall exercise jurisdiction onlyin respect of cases under this Act.
(3) Subject to the provisions ofsub-section (2), the jurisdiction and powers of the presiding officer of courtnotified under sub-section (i) in any district or metropolitan area shallextend throughout the district or the metropolitan area, as the case may be.
(4) Subject to the foregoing provisions ofthis section, a court notified under sub-section (1) in any district ormetropolitan area shall be deemed to be a court established under sub-section(1) of section 11, or, as the case may be, sub-section (1) of section 16 of theCode of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974) and the provisions of that Codeshall apply accordingly in relation to such courts.
Explanation: In this section, "HighCourt" has the same meaning as in clause (e) of section 2 of the Code ofCriminal Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974).]
1. Section 31A inserted Insecticides(Amendment) Act, 2000 (23 of 2000) Section 7.
32.Magistrates power to impose enhancedpenalties: 1 [*]
1. Section 32 omitted by the Insecticides(Amendment) Act, 1977 (24 of 1977) Section 8.
33.Offences by companies: (1) Whenever anoffence under this Act has been committed by a company, every person who at thetime the offence was committed was in charge of, or was responsible to thecompany for the conduct of the business of, the company, as well as thecompany, shall be deemed to be guilty of the offence and shall be liable to beproceeded against and punished accordingly:
Provided that nothing contained in thissub-section shall render any such person liable to any punishment under thisAct if he proves that the offence was committed without his knowledge or thathe exercised all due diligence to prevent the commission of such offence.
(2) Notwithstanding anything contained insub-section (1), where an offence under this Act has been committed by acompany and it is proved that the offence has been committed with the consentor connivance of, or is attributable to any neglect on the part of, anydirector, manager, secretary or other officer of the company, such director,manager, secretary or other officer shall also be deemed to be guilty of thatoffence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.
Explanation: For the purpose of thissection,-
(a) "company" means any bodycorporate and includes a firm or other association of individuals; and
(b) "director", in relation to afirm, means a partner in the firm.
34.Power of Central Government to givedirections: The Central Government may give such directions to any StateGovernment as may appear to the Central Government to be necessary for carryinginto execution in the State any of the provisions of this Act or of any rule ororder made thereunder.
35.Protection of action taken in goodfaith: No prosecution, suit or other proceeding shall lie against theGovernment, or any officer of the Government or the Board, the RegistrationCommittee or any Committee of the Board, for anything in good faith done orintended to be done under this Act.
36.Power of Central Government to makerules: (1) The Central Government may, after consultation with the Board andsubject to the condition of previous publication, by notification in theOfficial Gazette, make rules for the purpose of giving effect to the provisionsof this Act:
Provided that consultation with the Boardmay be dispensed with if the Central Government is of opinion thatcircumstances have arisen which render it necessary to make rules without suchconsultation, but in such a case the Board shall be consulted within six monthsof the making of the rules and the Central Government shall take intoconsideration any suggestions which the Board may make in relation to theamendment of the said rules.
(2) In particular and without prejudice tothe generality of the foregoing power, such rules may prescribe-
(a) the method of packing and labelling;
(b) the manner of registration of aninsecticide;
(c) the functions of the Board and of theRegistration Committee and the travelling and other allowances payable tomembers of the Board, the Registration Committee and any Committee of theBoard;
(d) the places at which insecticides may beimported and prohibit their import at any other place;
(e) the form of application forregistration of an insecticide and the particulars relating thereto;
(f) 1 [*] the fee payable in respect ofregistration;
(g) the manner of appeal to the CentralGovernment under section 10 and the fee payable therefor;
(h) the form of application for the grantof licence and the particulars relating thereto;
(i) the form of licence, the conditionsattached thereto and the fee payable therefor;
(j) the period for which a licence may berenewed and the fee for such renewal;
(k) the circumstances in which a licencemay be varied or amended under sub- section (2) of section 14;
(l) the functions of the CentralInsecticides Laboratory;
(m) the qualifications, powers and dutiesof an Insecticide Analyst and an Insecticide Inspector;
(n) the manner of testing or analysing thesamples of any insecticide and the fee payable therefor;
(o) the form in which intimation shall begiven by an Insecticide Inspector under sub-section (5) of section 22 to aperson from whom a sample of an insecticide is taken for test or analysis;
(p) the form in which an InsecticideAnalyst shall submit a report of his test or analysis to the InsecticideInspector under sub-section (1) of section 24;
(q) the protective clothing and equipmentto be used by workers during the manufacture, formulation, transport,distribution and application of insecticides and other facilities to beprovided to keep themselves and things supplied to them free from anycontamination;
(r) the use by the workers of any suchprotective clothing, equipment and other facilities;
(s) the precautions to be taken againstpoisoning through the use of handling of insecticides;
(t) the measures for detecting andinvestigating cases in which poisoning has occurred;
(u) the facilities to be provided forensuring first-aid treatment;
(v) the instruction and training to beprovided regarding the use of things supplied to the workers for ensuring theirsafety;
(w) the facilities for medical examinationof workers engaged in the manufacture or handling of insecticides;
(x) 2 [*]
(y) the equipment for, and method of,application of, an insecticide and the disposal of surplus material, washingsand containers, following application;
(z) the maintenance and inspection ofrecords and returns;
(za) the restrictions on storage ofinsecticides during transport or otherwise along with articles of food;
(zb) the maximum proportion of anyinsecticide which may be added to, or contained in, any preparation fordomestic use and the restrictions thereon;
(zc) the manner in which refusal toregister an insecticide or cancellation of certificate of registration thereofmay be notified;
(zd) the officer or authority to whom theCentral Government may delegate any of the powers and functions conferred on itby this Act;
(ze) any other matter which has to be, ormay be, prescribed.
(3) Every rule made by the CentralGovernment under this Act shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is made,before each House of Parliament while it is in session for a total period ofthirty days which may be comprised in one session 3 [or in two or moresuccessive sessions, and if, before the expiry of the session immediatelyfollowing the session or the successive sessions aforesaid], both Houses agreein making any modification in the rule or both Houses agree that the ruleshould not be made, the rule shall thereafter have effect only in such modifiedform or be of no effect, as the case may be; so, however, that any such modificationor annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previouslydone under that rule.
1. The words "the conditions ofregistration and" omitted by the Insecticides (Amendment) Act, 1977 (24 of1977) Section 9 (a) (i).
2. Clause (x) omitted by the Insecticides(Amendment) Act, 1977 (24 of 1977) Section 9 (a) (ii).
3. Substituted for the words "or intwo successive sessions, and if before the expiry of the session in which it isso laid or the session immediately following" by the Insecticides(Amendment) Act, 1977 (24 of 1977) Section 9 (b).
37.Power of the State Government to makerules: (1) The State Government may, after consultation with the Board andsubject to the condition of previous publication, by notification in theOfficial Gazette, make rules for the purpose of giving effect to the provisionsof this Act an not inconsistent with the rules, if any, made by the CentralGovernment.
(2) In particular and without prejudice tothe generality of the foregoing power, such rules may provide for-
(a) the authority to which, the manner inwhich, and the fee on payment of which, an appeal may be filed under section 15and the procedure to be followed by the appellate authority in disposing of theappeal;
(b) the delegation of any of the powers andfunctions conferred by this Act on the State Government to any officer orauthority specified by that Government.
38.Exemption: (1) Nothing in this Act shallapply to-
(a) the use of any insecticide by any personfor his own household purposes or for kitchen garden or in respect of any landunder his cultivation;
(b) any substances specified or included inthe Schedule or any preparation containing any one or more such substances, ifsuch substance or preparation is intended for purposes other than preventing,destroying, repelling or mitigating any insects, rodents, fungi, weeds andother forms of plant or animal life not useful to human beings.
(2) The Central Government may, bynotification in the Official Gazette, and subject to such conditions, if any,as it may specify therein, exempt from all or any of the provisions of this Actor the rules made thereunder, any educational, scientific or researchorganization engaged in carrying out experiments with insecticides.
[See section 3 (e)]
LIST OF INSECTICIDES
Aldrin (1: 2: 3: 4: 10: 10-Hexachloro-1: 4:4a; 5: 8; 8a-hexahydro-1: 4: 5: 8; 8a-dimethanonaphthalene)
Allethrin (ally homologue of Cinerein I)
Antu (Alpha-naphthyl thiourea)
Aramite [2 (p-tert-butylphenoxy) isopropyl1-2 choloroethyl sulphite]
Barium Fluoro Silicate
BHC (Benzene Hexachloride)(1,2,3,4,5,6-hexachlorohexane)
Bis-dismethylamino Flourophosphine Oxide
Carbaryl (1-naphthyl-N-methyl carbamate)
Chlorobis ethyl amino triazine
Chlorothion(o,o-dimethyl-o-3-chloro-4-nitrophenyl thiono phosphate)
S-(p-chlorophenylthio) methyl-o-o-diehtylphosphorodithioate (Trithion)
CIPC [isopropyl-N (3-chloropheyl)carbamate]
Dalapon (Sodium 2,2,dichloroproprionate)
DDD (Dichloro Diphenyl Dichloroethane)
DDT [a mixture of 1,1,1-trichloro-2, 2-bis(p-chlorophenyl) ethane and 1,1,1-trichloro-2-(o-chlorophenyl)-2(p-chlorophenyl) ethane]
DDVP (2,2-dichlorovinyl dimethyl phosphate)
Demeton-O (O, O-diethyl-S[(2)-ethylthio]-ethyl) phosphorothioate)
Demeton-S (O, O-dethyl-O [(2-ehtylthio)ethyl] phosphorothioate)
Diazion (O, O-dethyl-O [2-isopropyl-6methyl-4-pyzimidiuyl] phosphorothioate)
Dibrom (1,2-dibromo, 2, 2-dicholoroehtyldimethyl phosphate)
Dichlorophenoxy acetic acid (2, 4-D)
Dieldrin (1: 2: 3: 4: 10: 10-hexachloro-6:7-epoxy-1: 4a: 5: 6: 7: 8: 8a Octahydro-1: 4: 5: 8-dimethanonaphthalene)
Dimethoate [O,O-dimethyl-S-(N-methylcarbamoyl methyl) phosphorodithioate]
Dipterex (O, O-dimethyl-2, 2, 2-trichlorohydroxy ethyl phosphonate)
DNOC (Dinitro-ortho-compound) (3:5-dinitro-o-cresol)
EDCT mixture (Ethylene Dichloride CarbonTetrachloride mixture)
Endrin (1,2,3,4,10-10-hexachloro-6,7-epoxy-1, 4,4a,5,6,7,8,8a-Octahydro-1, 4-endo-endo,5-8-dimethanonaphthalene)
Ethyoxy ehtyl mercury chloride
Ethyl di-n-propylthiolcarbamate (Eptam)
Ethyl mercury phosphate
Ethyl mercury chloride
Fenson (Parachlorophenyl benzenesulphonate)
Fenthion (3-methyl-4-methyl thiophenylphosphorothionate)
Ferbam (Ferric Dimethyl dithio Carbamate)
Gusathion [O, O-dimethyl S(4-oxo-1,2,3-benxotirazinyl-3-methyl) phosphorothioate]
HETP (Hexaethyl tetraphosphate)
Lime Sulphur (Calcium Polysulphide,water-free sulphur, calcium thiosulphate mixture)
Lindane (gamma, B.H.C.)
Malathion [S-(1,2-Bis (Ethoxycarbonyl)ethyl] O, O-dimethyl-phosphoro-dithioate)
Maleic hydrazine (1,2-dihydropyropyridazine3,6-dione)
Maneb Manganese ethylenebisdithiocarbamate)
MCPA-(4-chloro-2 Methyl phenoxy aceticacid)
Methoxy ethyl mercury chloride.
Methyl demeton (Dimeton-methyl andDimeton-Methyl)
Methyl Mercury Chloride
Nabam (Disodium ethylene-1,2-bisdithiocarbamate)
Octa methyl pyrophosphoramide
Paris Green (Copper Aceto arsenite)
Phenyl mercury acetate
Phenyl mercury chloride
Phenyl mercury urea
Piperonyl butoxide (butyl carbityl)(6-propyl piperonly) ether O
Pival (2-Pivalyl-indane 1-3-dione)
n-Propyl ethyl-n-butyl thiolcarbamate(Tillam)
Pyrethrins (insectically active principlesof Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium)
Sodium Fluoro Silicate
Sulphur (Wettable or colloidal sulphur)
Sulphoxide [1,2-methylene-dioxy-4(2-octylsulphinyl) propyl benzene]
TCA (trichlor acetic acid sodium andammonium salts)
Tedion (tetrachlor diphenyl sulphone)
TEPP (tetraethyl Pyrophosphate)
Thiram [bis (dimethyl Thiocarbamyl)disulphide]
Tolyl mercury acetate
Toxaphene (chlorinated camphene containing67-69% chlorine)
Trichlorophenoxy acetic acide (2,4,5-T)
Warfarin (3-a acetonylbenzyl-4-hydroxy-coumarin)
Zineb (Zinc Ethylene bis-dithiocarbamate)
Ziram (Zinc dimethyl-dithiocarbamate)